DOMINICA, Mar 10 (IPS) – Within the face of the COVID-19 pandemic, the over 200 member-strong partnership is bolstering efforts to assist international locations meet commitments to scale back greenhouse gasoline emissions and empower renewable power, meals safety, and local weather adaptation initiatives.A member-led world coalition of 202 international locations and establishments, the NDC Partnership has turned the highlight on local weather motion by supporting international locations’ efforts to craft and implement Nationally Decided Contributions (NDCs), which define their commitments to lowering world greenhouse gasoline emissions.
As a cornerstone of the Paris Local weather Settlement, international locations are anticipated to current revised and progressively extra bold NDCs to the United Nations Framework Conference on Local weather Change each 5 years. After years of planning, nation governments are actually shifting to NDC implementation. They’re calling on the NDC Partnership’s technical experience and monetary help to catalyze local weather motion amidst the continuing local weather disaster and COVID-19 pandemic.
Regardless of the challenges posed by COVID-19, the NDC Partnership confidently demonstrates that many international locations have made progress in the direction of addressing local weather change and advancing sustainable improvement.
Though the pandemic delayed some international locations’ NDC submissions and local weather motion plans, there was vital progress in the direction of NDC implementation throughout three essential sectors: renewable power, meals safety, and local weather adaptation. Representatives for Partnership members, together with the Worldwide Renewal Vitality Company (IRENA), the Meals and Agriculture Group (FAO), and the Worldwide Institute for Sustainable Improvement (IISD), mentioned the challenges international locations confronted in NDC implementation throughout their respective sectors and mirrored on the successes and classes discovered over the previous few years.
“It was tremendous tough with COVID, however I’ve to say it’s actually outstanding,” mentioned Elizabeth Press, IRENA’s director of planning and programme help. “The vast majority of international locations had been very concerned and labored exhausting to compensate for shortfalls. The digital manner of working was sub-optimal, however many international locations made it work.” Over the past NDC revision cycle, IRENA has been working with over 70 international locations to carry clear power objectives into their NDCs, a course of which Press mentioned has been extra collaborative and streamlined this time round.
“Evaluating the primary spherical of NDC work that was accomplished round Paris and now, there’s a large distinction,” she mentioned. “The primary spherical was largely accomplished by surroundings ministries and consultants and was not an built-in authorities course of. It’s totally different now and provides me hope that this is not only a doc that must be submitted to the United Nations, however that severe consideration and widespread session has taken place on tips on how to formulate and execute these guarantees in a climate-safe method.”
Trying ahead, Press famous that international locations had requested IRENA’s help to make sure a easy transition to renewable power by information assortment, the event of highway maps, undertaking implementation, and different points linked to power transition, akin to water and meals safety.
Important for addressing local weather change and a recurring theme globally, meals safety is a precedence for NDC Partnership members that acknowledge ending starvation, and attaining the second Sustainable Improvement Purpose requires NDCs to embrace agroecology and sustainable agriculture.
Actually, 95 p.c of NDCs listed agriculture as a precedence sector for local weather motion. “That is essential as a result of agriculture is each a supply of greenhouse gasoline emissions and an essential a part of the answer to the local weather disaster for mitigation, adaptation, and constructing resilience,” mentioned Zitouni Ould-Dada, FAO’s deputy director for the workplace of local weather change, biodiversity, and surroundings.
In accordance with FAO, the world’s agri-food system contributes over 30 p.c of human-induced greenhouse gasoline emissions. “Once we say agriculture, we embody fisheries, forestry, and land use,” Douda mentioned.
FAO helps international locations to lift ambition and combine agriculture and meals techniques into their NDCs.
“We just lately supplied technical help to 21 international locations to speed up the implementation of their NDCs and improve the ambition of their commitments, and we now have been facilitating this help to international locations since 2017.”
Douda mentioned that FAO’s packages be sure that nationwide commitments are translated into actionable insurance policies on the bottom.
In reflecting on FAO’s successes, he cites elevated entry to finance for farmers, greater engagement amongst civil society and ladies’s organizations in figuring out international locations’ local weather commitments, and an prolonged suite of incentives for farmers as proof of profitable local weather motion so far.
For different Partnership members, nevertheless, success could be discovered within the enhance in native local weather adaptation initiatives or tasks which are designed to assist communities mitigate and put together for the consequences of local weather change.
“Scaling up adaptation is essential for the various international locations – particularly international locations within the Small Island Creating State and Least Developed Nation teams – which have contributed the least to world greenhouse gasoline emissions however are most susceptible to the impacts of local weather change,” mentioned Anne Hammill, IISD’s senior director of the resilience program.
IISD famous that many international locations are actually together with data on tips on how to put together for climate-driven threats and disasters as part of their NDC reporting.
By way of the Nationwide Adaptation Plan (NAP) World Community, IISD helps international locations determine and obtain adaptation priorities by working with citizen and civil society teams. Hammill factors to partnerships with Costa Rica and Tonga governments as current examples of this profitable collaboration on local weather actions.
“In Costa Rica, we labored with the federal government to launch the Subsequent Season undertaking that supplied artists residencies for inventive approaches to informing the general public about local weather insurance policies,” Hammill says. “In Tonga, we supported the federal government to carry the first-ever media engagement workshop on their nationwide local weather plan, in addition to making ready a report to trace progress on their nationwide local weather plan and work to revise their Local weather Change Coverage.”
In accordance with Hammill, extra international locations are shifting from planning to motion and “linking on-the-ground adaptation tasks to a broader nationwide mandate and imaginative and prescient set out of their NAPs and NDCs.” For IISD, the NDC Partnership has been instrumental in addressing a essential space of concern: coordination of help.
“There’s a very numerous panorama of help to international locations and comparatively restricted capacities to navigate, not to mention take up such help,” Hammill mentioned. “This coordination problem could be significantly acute in LDCs and SIDS and might get in the best way of progress, not to mention the environment friendly use of sources.”
Acknowledging that decisive motion on local weather shouldn’t be straightforward, the NDC Partnership’s members say nationwide local weather groups proceed to face challenges, together with inadequate funding, insufficient staffing, and data and useful resource gaps associated to local weather instruments and planning.
Nevertheless, with the Partnership’s sources, experience, and funding, nation members and establishments are discovering methods to advance sustainable improvement and native local weather motion collectively, underscoring the worth of collective motion.
With the discharge of the Intergovernmental Panel on Local weather Change (IPCC)’s newest evaluation report on the impacts of local weather change on ecosystems, biodiversity, and communities on the world and regional stage this week, the necessity for collective motion is extra evident than ever.
The report’s findings underscore the urgency of world adaptation efforts to drive local weather motion, efforts that the Partnership is dedicated to supporting. By performing collectively, NDC Partnership members are working to make sure international locations are higher ready for the impacts of local weather change, now and for future generations.
IPS UN Bureau Report
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